Jump To Navigation

FAQ - Environmental Law

What is the National Environmental Policy Act?

What are some common-law doctrines to obtain recovery for environmental harm?

What is indoor air pollution?

What are "Brownfields?"

What is the Community Right-to-Know Act?

What is solid waste?

What is hazardous waste?

Does the public have a say in whether a hazardous waste facility receives an operating permit?

What is an NPDES permit and who needs one?

When is a permit required to deposit material in a wetland?

Learn More: Environmental Law

Did You Know...? Some Pollutants

Did You Know...? Some Pollutants

We all know that lead and Freon, for example, are toxic substances that pollute our environment. There are literally scores of pollutants for which the law requires testing, and can get you in trouble if they are found to be generated by your business.

For example, here is a list of pollutants that Utah's state pollution agency tests in regulated industries:

Table I

Testing Requirements for Organic Toxic Pollutants by Industrial Category for Existing Dischargers.

  GC/MS fraction (1)
Industrial category  Volatile   Acid   Base   Pesticide 
Adhesives and sealants  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Aluminum Forming  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Auto and Other Laundry  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Battery Manufacturing  (*)   ...   (*)   ... 
Coal Mining  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Coil Coating  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Copper Forming  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Electric and Electronic Components  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Electroplating  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Explosives Manufacturing  ...   (*)   (*)   ... 
Foundries  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Gum and Wood Chemicals  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Inorganic Chemicals Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Iron and Steel Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Leather Tanning and Finishing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Mechanical Products Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Nonferrous Metals Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Ore Mining  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Organic Chemicals Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Paint and Ink Formulation  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Pesticides  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Petroleum Refining  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Pharmaceutical Preparations  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Photographic Equipment and Supplies  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Plastic and Synthetic Materials Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Plastic Processing  (*)   ...   ...   ... 
Porcelain Enameling  (*)   ...   (*)   (*) 
Printing and Publishing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Pulp and Paper Mills  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Rubber Processing  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Soap and Detergent Manufacturing  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Steam Electric Power Plant  (*)   (*)   (*)   ... 
Textile Mills  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 
Timber Products Processing  (*)   (*)   (*)   (*) 

(1) The toxic pollutants in each fraction are listed in Table II.
* Testing required.

Table II

Organic Toxic Pollutants in Each of Four Fractions in Analysis by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS)

(a) Volatiles

    1V    acrolein
    2V    acrylonitrile
    3V    benzene
    4V    bis (chloromethyl) ether
    5V    bromoform
    6V    carbon tetrachloride
    7V    chlorobenzene
    8V    chlorodibromomethane
    9V    chloroethane
    10V    2-chloroethylvinyl ether
    11V    chloroform
    12V    dichlorobromomethane
    13V    dichlorodifluoromethane
    14V    1,1-dichloroethane
    15V    1,2-dichloroethane
    16V    1,1-dichloroehtylene
    17V    1,2-dichloropropane
    18V    1,2-dichloropropylene
    19V    ethylbenzene
    20V    methyl bromide
    21V    methyl chloride
    22V    methoylene chloride
    23V    1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
    24V    tetrachloroethylene
    25V    toluene
    26V    1,2-trans-dichloroethylene
    27V    1,1,1-trichloroethane
    28V    1,1,2-trichloroethane
    29V    trichloroethylene
    30V    trichlorofluoromethane
    31V    vinyl chloride

(b) Acid Compounds

    1A    2-chlorophenol
    2A    2,4-dichlorophenol
    3A    2,4-dimethylphenol
    4A    4,6-dinitro-o-cresol
    5A    2,4-dinitrophenol
    6A    2-nitrophenol
    7A    4-nitrophenol
    8A    p-chloro-m-cresol
    9A    pentachlorophenol
    10A    phenol
    11A    2,4,6-trichlorophenol

(c) Base/Neutral

    1B    acenaphthene
    2B    acenaphthylene
    3B    anthracene
    4B    benzidine
    5B    benzo(a)anthracene
    6B    benzo(a)pyrene
    7B    3,4-benzofluoranthene
    8B    benzo(ghi)perylene
    9B    benzo(k)fluoranthene
    10B    bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane
    11B    bis(2-chloroethyl)ether
    12B    bis(2-chloroethyl)ether
    13B    bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
    14B    4-bromophenyl phenyl ether
    15B    butylbenzyl phthalate
    16B    2-chloronaphthanlene
    17B    4-chlorophenyl phenyl ether
    18B    chrysene
    19B    dibenxo(a,h)anthracene
    20B    1,2-dichlorobenzen
    21B    1,3-dichlorobenzene
    22B    1,4-dichlorobenzene
    23B    3,3-dichlorobenzidine
    24B    diethyl phthalate
    25B    dimethyl phtahalate
    26B    di-n-butyl phthalate
    27B    2,4-dinitrotoluene
    28B    2,6-dinitrotoluene
    29B    di-n-octyl phthalate
    30B    1,2-diphenylhydrazine (as azobenzene)
    31B    fluoranthene
    32B    fluorene
    33B    hexachlorobenzene
    34B    hexachlorobutadiene
    35B    hexachlorocyclopentadiene
    36B    hexachloroethane
    37B    indeno (1,2,3-cd) pyrene
    38B    isophorone
    39B    naphthalene
    40B    nitrobenzene
    41B    N-nitrosodimethylamine
    42B    N-nitrosodi-n-propylamine
    43B    N-nitrosodiphenylamine
    44B    phenanthrene
    45B    pyrene
    46B    1,2,4-trichlorobenzene

(d) Pesticides

    1P    aldrin
    2P    alpha-BHC
    3P    beta-BHC
    4P    gamma-BHC
    5P    delta-BHC
    6P    chlordane
    7P    4,4'-DDT
    8P    4,4'-DDE
    10P    dieldrin
    11P    alpha-endosulfan
    12P    beta-endosulfan
    13P    endosulfan sulfate
    14P    endrin
    15P    endrin aldehyde
    16P    heptachlor
    17P    heptachlor epoxide
    18P    PCB-1242
    19P    PCB-1254
    20P    PCB-1221
    21P    PCB-1232
    22P    PCB-1248
    23P    PCB-1260
    24P    PCB-1016
    25P    toxaphene

Table III

Other Toxic Pollutants; Metals, Cyanide, and Total Phenols

  1. Antimony, Total
  2. Arsenic, Total
  3. Beryllium, Total
  4. Cadmium, Total
  5. Chromium, Total
  6. Copper, Total
  7. Lead, Total
  8. Mercury, Total
  9. Nickel, Total
  10. Selenium, Total
  11. Silver, Total
  12. Thallium, Total
  13. Zinc, Total
  14. Cyanide, Total
  15. Phenols, Total

Table IV

Conventional and Non-conventional Pollutants required to be tested by Existing Dischargers if expected to be Present

  1. Bromide
  2. Chlorine, Total Residual
  3. Color
  4. Fecal Coliform
  5. Fluoride
  6. Nitrate-Nitrite
  7. Nitrogen, Total Organic
  8. Oil and Grease
  9. Phosphorus, Total
  10. Radioactivity
  11. Sulfate
  12. Sulfide
  13. Sulfite
  14. Surfactants
  15. Aluminum, Total
  16. Barium, Total
  17. Boron, Total
  18. Cobalt, Total
  19. Iron, Total
  20. Magnesium, Total
  21. Molybdenum, Total
  22. Manganese, Total
  23. Tin, Total
  24. Titanium, Total

Table V

Toxic Pollutants and Hazardous Substances required to be identified by Existing Dischargers if expected to be Present

(a) Toxic Pollutants - Asbestos

(b) Hazardous Substances:

  1. Acetaldehyde
  2. Allyl alcohol
  3. Allyl chloride
  4. Amyl acetate
  5. Aniline
  6. Benzonitrile
  7. Benzyl chloride
  8. Butyl acetate
  9. Butylamine
  10. Captan
  11. Carbaryl
  12. Carbofuran
  13. Carbon disulfide
  14. Chlorpyrifos
  15. Coumaphos
  16. Cresol
  17. Crotonaldehyde
  18. Cyclohexane
  19. 2,4-D (2.4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid)
  20. Diazinon
  21. Dicamba
  22. Dichlobenil
  23. Dichlone
  24. 2,2-Dichloropropionic acid
  25. Dichlorvos
  26. Diethyl amine
  27. Dimethyl amine
  28. Dintrobenzene
  29. Diquat
  30. Disulfoton
  31. Diuron
  32. Epichloropydrin
  33. Ethanolamine
  34. Ethion
  35. Ethylene diamine
  36. Ethylene dibromide
  37. Formaldehyde
  38. Furfural
  39. Guthion
  40. Isoprene
  41. Isopropanolamine dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  42. Kelthane
  43. Kepone
  44. Malathion
  45. Mercaptodimethur
  46. Methoxychlor
  47. Methyl mercaptan
  48. Methyl methacrylate
  49. Methyl parathion
  50. Mevinphos
  51. Mexacarbate
  52. Monoethyl amine
  53. Monomethyl amine
  54. Naled
  55. Naphthenic acid
  56. Nitrotouene
  57. Parathion
  58. Phenolsulfanante
  59. Phosgene
  60. Propargite
  61. Propylene oxide
  62. Pyrethrins
  63. Quinoline
  64. Resorconol
  65. Strontium
  66. Strychnine
  67. Styrene
  68. 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid)
  69. TDE (Tetrachlorodiphenylethane)
  70. 2,4,5-TP (2-(2,4,5 - trichlorophenoxy) propanic acid)
  71. Trichlorofan
  72. Triethanolamine dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  73. Triethylamine
  74. Trimethylamine
  75. Uranium
  76. Vanadium
  77. Vinyl Acetate
  78. Xylene
  79. Xylenol
  80. Zirconium

Copyright © 1994-2006 FindLaw, a Thomson business

DISCLAIMER: This site and any information contained herein are intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Seek competent legal counsel for advice on any legal matter.

View Previous Months' Selections